By A. Einar. Lawrence Technological University. 2018.
In addition eldepryl 5mg low cost, an inhibition of thrombocyte aggregation and an antineoplastic effect have been observed purchase 5 mg eldepryl amex, as well as an Pimpinella major elevation of the serum level of antibiotics when administered concurrently order eldepryl 5 mg without prescription. The drug can also be used for edema, digestive complaints, for inflammation and febrile conditions (Hawaiian Islands, Flower and Fruit: The white, blue or purple flowers are Philippines and South America), for asthmatic conditions in arranged in approximately 30 cm long spikes. The fruit is fused Indian Medicine: The fruit is used for dyspeptic symptoms, with the thickening receptacle to an oval to cylindrical, cone- constipation, amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea, as well as for like pseudocarp. Gastric Leaves, Stem and Root: Ananas comosus is a leafy rosette complaints and diarrhea may occur as side effects of internal perennial plant, which grows up to 1. Allergic reactions following repeated admin- are narrow-linear, thorny-tipped, up to 0. The foliage leaves are opposite, Mode of Administration: Available as tablets, granules and membranous, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, rounded galenic preparations for internal use; compounded prepara- at the base, entire-margined and sessile. Daily Dosage: Internal application: 80 to 240 mg of raw Habitat: The plant is indigenous to the U. Older sources include, among others, references to the presence of Harrach T, Eckert K. Dtsch Zahnarztl Z, Homeopathic Uses:- Spigelia marilandica is used as a 57:830-2, 1989 Nov. Batkin S, Modulation of pulmonary metastasis Mode of Administration: As a powdered root or herb or as a (Lewis lung carcinoma) by bromelain, an extract of the liquid extract. Pinus Bark Fruit and Flower: The inflorescences are terminal, some- Tsuga canadensis times branched spikes inclined to one side. The Medicinal Parts: The medicinal parts are the latex, which fruit is a 2-valved capsule. Flower and Fruit: The pedicle of the male flower is shorter Leaves, Stem and Root: The plant is a perennial that grows than the scale sheath. The upper surface is See Cubeb dark green and the under surface has 2 blue-white long stripes. The drug has astringent, anti-inflammatory, diapho- See Black Pepper retic, and diuretic properties. Administration in allopathic medicine is not parts of the flowering plant and the complete dried pLiat. Leaves, Stem and Root: The plant is a perennial semi-shrub growing up to 25 cm high with an upright, angular stem and a creeping white rhizome. The evergreen, alternate leaves are short-petioled, coriaceous, ovate-spatulate to linear and Pinus species wedge-shaped. Piper betle Production: Pipsissewa is the aerial part of Chimaphila See Betel Nut umbellata, which is collected in the wild. Indian Medicine: Pipsissewa is used internally by American Pitcher Plant Indians for complaints of the kidneys and bladder, and to Sarracenia purpurea regulate menstruation, both before and after giving birth. Homeopathic Uses: Among uses in homeopathy are chronic Flower and Fruit: The androgynous flowers usually have inflammation of the efferent urinary tracts, prostate gland numerous stamens and a large 3- to 5-valved superior ovary. The 5 stigma sit as small cone-like No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction structures on the underside of the roof of the tips. The with the proper administration of designated therapeutic numerous marginal ovules are on individual axillary shafts. The drug possesses a weak sensitizing effect, due to The fruit is a valved capsule. The drug is not suitable for long- skinned seeds contain an abundance of endosperm. The beaker Mode of Administration: Constituent of homeopathic prepa- bears a long wing-like strip on the side turned towards the rations in dilutions or as a mother tincture. During hot weather they are closed Preparation: A liquid extract is prepared 1:1 with ethanol. The enclosed rainwater and insects form a mass, which probably acts as a fertilizer Daily Dosage: The usual single dose is 2 g drug, 1 to 3 g and has a strong odor. Unproven Uses: Pitcher Plant was formerly used for digestive disorders, particularly constipation, also for urinary Leaves, Stem and Root: The herbaceous perennial grows up tract diseases, and as a cure for smallpox. American Indians believe the drug not only saved lives of They are often pinnatifid and grow from an underground smallpox victims, but they also administered it to prevent rhizome. Protein (1% of fresh weight) Teuscher E, Lindequist U, Biogene Gifte - Biologie, Chemie, Ascorbic acid (vitamin C): 10 to 20 mg/100 g fresh weight Pharmakologie. Efficacy for these indications has not yet been in rats fed cholesterol free diet. It is conceivable that the amine content could trigger attacks of Platycodon grandiflorum migraine headache. The freqency of myocardial fibrosis in See Balloon-Flower (Jie-Geng) tropical countries is said to be caused by chronic ingestion of the plant. Plantain powder is produced by Medicinal Parts: The medicinal part of the plant is the root. Digestion of the carbohydrates of banana (Musa paradisiaca sapientum) in the human small and whitish on the inside. J Ethnopharmacol, 18:33-44, Characteristics: Pleurisy Root has a nutty and bitter taste. Lyte M, Induction of gram-negative bacterial growth by neurochemical containing banana (Musa x paradisiaca) extracts. Other Names: Butterfly Weed, Canada Root, Flux Root, paradisiaca) on gastric mucosal shedding. J Ethnopharmacol, Orange Swallow-Wort, Swallow-Wort, Tuber Root, White 21:11-9, 1987 Sep-Oct.
Boldo has been shown to be antispasmodic cheap eldepryl 5mg otc, choleretic and to Urzua A purchase eldepryl 5 mg visa, Acuna P purchase 5 mg eldepryl with amex, (1983) Fitoterapia 4:175. Patients who have Boneset gallstones should consult a physician before using the drug. The volatile oil should not be used, because it Flower and Fruit: There are numerous flower heads in contains up to 40% of the toxin ascaridole. They consist of 10 to 12 white, inconspicuous Signs of paralysis are reported to appear following intake of florets with bristly pappus whose hairs are arranged in a very high dosages. They have shiny yellow other, virtually ascaridol-free preparations for internal appli- points due to the resin glands, which are visible on the cation. Characteristics: The taste is astringent and persistendy Daily Dosage: The average daily dosage is 4. Jmmunostimulating polysaccharides (heteroxylans) Lewin L, Gifte und Vergiftungen, 6. Homeopathic Uses: Boneset is used as a treatment for flu Borage and febrile diseases. Borage Oil capsules are available from numerous Sensitization after skin contact with the plant is possible. Leaves, Stem and Root: Borage is an annual, succulent, bristly-haired herb, 15 to 60 cm high. Borage leaves are the dried leaves and inflores- izidine alkaloid content is small, the drug should not be cence of Borago officinalis. External use may present less of a potential for but is cultivated on a small scale in Yugoslavia, Rumania, problems. Mode of Administration: In capsules, sometimes in combina- Not to be Confused With: The herb can be confused with tion with vitamins. Ippen H, Gamma-Linolensaure besser aus Nachtkerzen- oder aus Silicic acid (to some extent water-soluble) Borretschol? Unproven Uses: In folk medicine, Borage is used as a Roder E, Pyrrolizidinhaltige Arzneipflanzen. It is also used as an Teuscher E, Lindequist U, Biogene Gifte - Biologie, Chemie, anti-inflammatory agent for kidney and bladder disorders, as Pharmakologie, 2. Preparations using Borage are also used for blood purification and dehydration; the prevention of chest and peritoneal inflammation and rheumatism of the joints; as a pain-relieving, cardiotonic, Borago officinalis sedative, sudorific; as a performance-enhancing agent; and for phlebitis and menopausal complaints. Contact dermatitis, in particular through contact Flower and Fruit: Clusters of axillary yellow flowers open with the freshly harvested plant, is possible. The male flowers are evenly shaped and have 4 tepals, 4 stamens and a small rudimentary ovary. The green branches are initially suppression of the spasms with diazepam or barbiturates (no pubescent, later glabrous, olive green, angular and densely more than absolutely necessary) followed by gastric lavage covered with ovate leaves, which are usually opposite. Phenothiazines and analep- upper surface of the leaves is smooth, coriaceous, dark green tics are not to be administered. Homeopathic Dosage: 5 to 10 drops, l tablet or 5 to 10 Habitat: The plant is found mainly in southern and central globules, 1 to 3 times daily or 1 ml injection solution sc Europe with a clear division into east and west regions, i. Verlags- Steroid alkaloids: including cyclobuxine-D, cyclobuxine-B, Ges Stuttgart 1997. Roth L, Daunderer M, Kormann K, Giftpflanzen, Pflanzengifte, A hypotensive effect has been described. Its use on wounds and inflammatory alterations of the skin appears plausible, due to the antimi- See Wild Turnip crobial, astringent and anti-inflammatory characteristics of the gallic acid it contains. The flowers are small, ivory white to greenish, and the has not yet been sufficiently clinically proven. The fruit is a bright administration of designated therapeutic dosages, although pink to red, glossy, single-drupe with a diameter of there is some danger of sensitization (alkyl phenols). Stomach upset and vomiting have been observed 4& Leaves, Stem and Root: The leaves are alternate, up to 40 cm following the ingestion of a number of the fruits. Mode of Administration: Whole drug, tincture and extract for internal and external use. Production: Brazilian peppers (Pink peppers) are the ripe unpeeled seeds of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, which are Daily Dosage: There is no information in the literature. Saccharomyces cerevisiae Drug Interactions: The simultaneous intake of monoamine oxidase inhibitors can cause an increase in blood pressure. Mode of Administration: Medicinal yeast and galenic prepa- rations are available for internal use. Pharmaceutical forms Flower and Fruit: The cells may be single, in pairs, in chains include tablets and compound preparations. On a suitable solid fertile base the individual cell colonies have smooth margins, are slightly convex to flat Daily Dosage: The average daily dosage is 6 gm. Older individual colonies Storage: Store in air-tight containers protected from light. Ascos- Aflmann C, Mikroorganismen:Bioth2rapeutika bei pores are produced from the vegetative cells. In, Miiller J, Ottenjann R, Seifert J (Hrsg), Okosystem Darm, Springer Production: Medicinal yeast consists of fresh or dried cells Verlag, S 142-153. British Elecampane Hochter W, Chase D, Hagenhoff G, (1990) Saccharomyces (Xuan-Fu-Hua) boulardii bei akuter Erwachsenediarrhoe. Toburen D, Scheiner O, Wiedemann G, (1988) 1 mm wide, the tubular florets are 5-tipped, androgenous and Prophylaxe der Reisediarrhoe.
Mode of Administration: Whole and cut drug preparations for internal and external use cheap 5 mg eldepryl free shipping. Signs of poisoning include Hypoxis rooperi in patients with limited liver function order 5mg eldepryl fast delivery. Results dizziness quality 5mg eldepryl, vomiting, abdominal pain, movement disorders, of a controlled double-blind study, Fortschr Med, 96:833-4, muscle cramps and psychic stimulation, followed by deep 1978 Apr 20. Higher dosages (over, 100 g of fresh mushrooms) Habitat: The plant is indigenous to the Pacific coasts of lead to unconsciousness, asphyxiation, coma and death. The treatment of poisoning includes emptying the gastroin- testinal tract and the use of sedatives. In case of shock, a Production: Agar, or Agar-Agar, is the purified and bleached , plasma volume expander should be used. Artificial respira- gel derived from algae mucilage of the Rhodophyceae tion should be administered for respiratory arrest. Ein Handbuch fur Apotheker, that of cellulose, to absorb and retain large quantities of Arzte und Biologen, Wiss. The thallus sprouts from a permanent base every year Ataki C, Chem Soc Japan 29:543. Because of the constituent tannins, the intake of Agrimonia eupatoria larger quantities could lead to digestive complaints and constipation. Daily Dosage: Internally, the average daily dose is 3 to 6 gm of herb or equivalent preparations. Externally, a poultice Flower and Fruit: The flowers are yellow, arranged along prepared from a decoction (10%) several times a day is small, spike-like racemes. Production: Agrimony herb consists of the dried, above- ground parts of Agrimonia eupatoria and/or Agrimonia Madaus G, Lehrbuch der Biologischen Arzneimittel, Bde 1-3, procera gathered just before or during flowering, as well as Nachdruck, Georg Olms Verlag Hildesheim 1979. Other Names: Stickwort, Cocklebur, Liverwort, Common Agrimony, Philanthropos, Church Steeples, Sticklewort Wichtl M (Hrsg. Leaves, Stem and Root: The leaves are erect-oblong, Ailanthus altissima lanceolate and 2 to 20 cm long. The rhizome is brownish- See Tree of Heaven gray, flattened and has a diameter of up to 1 cm, but usually measures less. Ajuga chamaepitys Characteristics: The plant has a sweet taste, becoming bitter and soapy. There may be an estrogenic principle but a possible estrogenic effect has not been sufficiently researched. Preparations of Aletris are also used for loss of appetite, Aletris venous dyspepsia, flatulence and nervous digestive com- Aletris farinosa plaints. No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction Flower and Fruit: The plant has numerous white, tubular- with the proper administration of designated therapeutic oblong, campanulate flowers. The leaves are trifoliate, petiolate, and Mode of Administration: Available in the forms of powdered alternate. The leaflets are thorny-tipped, dentate toward the root, liquid extract and infusions for internal use. A fluid extract (1:1) is produced Characteristics: The taste is unpleasantly salty, bitter and with ethanol water (45%). The recommended Habitat: The plant is indigenous to the Mediterranean region single dose is 0. Fluid extract Other Names: Lucerne, Purple Medick, Purple Medicle, (1:1), produced with ethanol water (45%). Phytopharmaka und pflanzliche Homeopathika, Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena, New Cyanogenic glycosides: (corresponding to less than 80 mg York. No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction Flower and Fruit: The clover-like flowers can be yellow to with the proper administration of designated therapeutic violet-blue. Leaves, Stem and Root: The annual, succulent plant grows Gestetner B, (1974) Phytochemistry 10:2221. Further information in: Flavone sulfate Hegnauer R, Chemotaxonomie der Pflanzen, Bde 1-11, Caffeic acid derivatives: chlorogenic acid sulfate Birkhauser Verlag Basel. Chinese Medicine: The drug is used to lower blood sugar, Madaus G, Lehrbuch der Biologischen Arzneimittel, Bde 1-3, blood pressure and cholesterol levels; it is also used as a Nachdruck, Georg Olms Verlag Hildesheim 1979. Phytopharmaka und with die proper administration of designated therapeutic pflanzliche Homoopathika, Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena, New dosages. There are Alkanet long-pedicled, white or reddish flowers in leafless, loose Alkanna tinctoria panicles. Medicinal Parts: The medicinal part is the root of the plant (the dried roots and rhizomes). The aerial leaves Flower and Fruit: The calyx is 4 to 5 mm in the flower, 5 to are basal, long-stemmed, cordate or oblong-ovate, and 6 mm in the fruit and eglandular. There are Characteristics: The rootstock of Alisma has a bitter taste; it 5 stamens, and the anthers are fused with the corolla tube. The nutlets are 2 mm in diameter, irregularly reticulate and Habitat: The plant is distributed widely throughout Europe, tuberculate. Leaves, Stem and Root: Alkanet is a short-bristled, perennial Other Names: Mad-Dog Weed, Water Plantain, Ze-Xie half-rosette shrub. The bracts are slightly Preparations: Extractum alcannae: almost black, green longer than calyx and oblong-lanceolate.
Habitat: The tree is widespread in Europe order eldepryl 5mg with mastercard, Asia Minor and Maier W eldepryl 5 mg sale, Groger D cheap 5mg eldepryl with mastercard, Pharm Zentralhalle 107:883. Ellagitannins: (including castalagin, pedunculagin, vesvalag- Teuscher E, Lindequist U, Biogene Gifte - Biologie, Chemie, in, 2,3-(S)-hexahydroxy diphenoyl glucose), flavano-ellagi- Pharmakologie, 2. Phytopharmaka und stenophyllanin C) pflanzliche Homoopathika, Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena, New Gallo tannins York 19915. The Pallenbach E, Scholz E, Konig M, Rimpler H, drug is used externally for inflammatory skin diseases, Proanthocyanidins from Quercus petraea bark. Aufl, Bde 4-6 ing, vaginal discharge (washes/douches), rashes, chronic, (Drdgen): Springer Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1992- itching, scaley and suppurating eczema and eye 1994. Whole-body baths are contraindicated with large-area weep- Roth L, Daunderer M, Kormann K, Giftpflanzen, Pflanzengifte, ing eczemas and skin injuries, with feverish and infectious 4. General: No health hazards or side effects are known in conjunction with the proper administration of designated Teuscher E, Biogene Arzneimittel, 5. Flower and Fruit: The male flowers are tangled into hanging, axillary cadcins, with a 6- to 8-tepaled perigone and Bath additive — 5 gm drug is boiled with 1 Liter water and 6 to 10 stamens. The perigone is 6-tipped with an inferior 3-chambered ovary Daily Dosage: surrounded by an initially inconspicuous and then later cup- Internally — 3 gm of drug; Tea: 1 cup 3 times a day. The fruit is up to 4 cm long, cylindrical, Externally — Rinses/gargles: boil 2 dessertspoons finely cut shiny brown and is 3 times longer than the cupula, which is drug with 3 cups water. The leaves are alternate, Tincture — Powdered gall apples are mixed roughly 1:5 with approximately 5 cm long, short-petiolate, elongate, sinuate, spirit of wine. Storage: The drug should be stored in a tightly sealed Characteristics: Apical galls are formed by the laying of container. The awn is 15 to 40 mm long, upright Indian Medicine: Uses include intestinal hemorrhaging, and rough. The double ribbed husks are 10 to 20 mm long coughing blood, diarrhea, dysentery, ulcerative stomatitis, and are thickly ciliate on the short ridge. The menorrhagia, impetigo, eczema, hemorrhoids, pharyngody- fruit is 7 to 12 mm long, narrowly elliptoid and pubescent. Leaves, Stem and Root: Oat is a light-green annual grass Chinese Medicine: Dysentery, hyperhidrosis, oral ulceration, with a bushy root. The stalks are 60 to 100 cm high, smooth leucorrhea, hemorrhoids, wounds and rectal prolapse are and glabrous. Silicic acid (partially water-soluble) Oat bran is taken from the outer layer of the husked fruit. To make rolled oats, the husked fruit is treated with steam, then Steroid saponins: avenacoside A and B crushed. Oat straw consists of the dried, threshed leaves and Unusual amino acids: avenic acid A and B stems of Avena sativa, also harvested shortly before the height of the flowering season. The efficacy for the In one poorly constructed experimental investigation, the claimed applications is not documented. The mode of Homeopathic Uses: Oats are used in homeopathy for action was not explained. Oat straw is used for abdominal fatigue, bladder and rheumatic disorders, eye ailments, frostbite, gout, impetigo Dehusked oats are, according to various studies, able to and metabolic diseases. It is used in foot baths for lower serum cholesterol and to hinder prostaglandin biosyn- chronically cold or tired feet. Preparation: To make a tea, 3 gm drug is boiled in 250 ml water, which is strained after cooling. Daily Dosage: The tea is taken repeatedly throughout the day and shortly before going to bed. Homeopathic Dosage: 5 to 10 drops, 1 tablet or 5 to 10 Willuhn G, Pflanzliche Dermatika. Further information in: Storage: The herb should be protected from light and Hansel R, Keller K, Rimpler H, Schneider G (Hrsg. Mode of Administration: The fruit is used in homeopathy and in combination preparations. Madaus G, Lehrbuch der Biologischen Arzneimittel, Bde 1-3, Nachdruck, Georg Olms Verlag Hildesheim 1979. Phytopharmaka und Mode of Administration: As a comminuted herb for decoc- pflanzliche Homoopathika, Fischer-Verlag, Stuttgart, Jena, New tions and other galenic preparations as teas and bath York 1995. Further information in: Madaus G, Lehrbuch der Biologischen Arzneimittel, Bde 1-3, Hansel R, Keller K, Rimpler H, Schneider G (Hrsg. The drug is chiefly See Evening Primrose used as a substitute for olive oil and in the manufacture of salves and liniments. The ovary is of the allergic/irritant potential of air pollutants: detection of superior, with 4foseti calpels. Hansel R, Keller K, Rimpler H, Schneider G (Ed), Hagers Handbuch der Pharmazeuuschen Praxis, 5. Rapeseed oil is the cold-pressed and refined oil from the ripe Olea europaea seeds of Brassica napus. Drug Interactions: The simultaneous administration of the Flower and Fruit: The corolla is 4 to 7 mm in diameter, drug with quinidine, calcium salts, saluretics, laxatives or usually pink to red but sometimes white. The tube is 2 cm long as are the symptoms of an acute poisoning and therapy see Digitalis.